RELIGIOUS CALENDAR

March-April

The calendar below, created by Dr. Peter Yuichi Clark, is an excellent way to keep on top of religious high holy days and festivals as they go by. It is especially useful for those in interfaith vocations who need this information on a day-to-day basis.

TIO is cooperating with another “working” religious calendar project being led by Read the Spirit. It extends what we usually mean by religious calendar to include important civic holidays. It identifies major religious holidays more than a year in advance. Most important, it features stories about what these many religious festival events are all about – what they mean, the important stories, the food associated, and how particular events are celebrated. Your own stories of religious holidays, whatever your tradition, are welcomed at the site. Check it out!

  * * *

The Iroquois Midwinter Ceremony, , in which old fires are extinguished and new fires are lit, and the Hopi Holy Cycle, in which the changing of the seasons and the nature of the Hopi sacred universe are celebrated, begin in January and February, but the dates of observance vary by tribe. This month is also known as Buxwlaks or the season of blowing needles in aboriginal spirituality, in which the wind knocks loose the foliage of frozen evergreens. It marks the approach of the new year

March and April mark the season of the Eagle Dances, when people of the Arizona Pueblo tribes dance to dramatize their communities’ relationship with the Sky-World. This month is also known as Xsaak, the season when candlefish swarm and members of the Nisga’a tribes catch these fish, dry them, and render them into oil for lamps.

April marks the season of Mmaal, which is when the rivers open, and of the Eagle Dances, when people of the Arizona Pueblo tribes dance to dramatize their communities’ relationship with the Sky-World.

Monday, March 16

  • Ghambar Hamaspathmaedem, Fravardegan, or Muktad – Zoroastrianism (continues until March 20)
    A celebration of the creation of human beings and a commemoration of souls who have died. Prayers are offered to the fravashis (the divine spark within each human, which lives forever), asking for their blessings and protection.


Tuesday, March 17

  • Saint Patrick’s Day – Western Christianity
    A commemoration of the missionary bishop who evangelized Ireland in the fifth century C.E.


Friday, March 20 spring equinox

  • Spring Ohigon – Buddhism
    For Buddhists who practice in the Jōdo Shinshū [Japanese Pure Land] tradition, this is a special time to listen to the teaching of the Buddha and meditate on the perfection of enlightenment as lived in the Six Perfections or Paramitas (generosity, morality, wisdom, honesty, endeavor, and patience).


Friday, March 20 (continued)

  • Shunki-sorei-sai – Shintō
    The time of the spring memorial service, when ancestors’ spirits are revered at home altars and gravesites are cleaned and purified.

  • Ostara– Wicca
    A time to mark the divine goddess’s blanketing of the Earth with fertility as the god stretches and grows to maturity, manifested in the reawakening of seeds within the Earth as they are touched by divine love.

  • Spring Feast – Native American spirituality
    A day to mark the coming and going of seasons and to honor planting through songs, stories, and prayer.


Saturday, March 21

  • Naw Rúz – Bahá’í
    Marking the beginning of the year 172 of the Bahá’í era, and the beginning of the first month of the year, known as Bahá or “splendor.”

  • Navruz [Now Ruz or Norooz] – Zoroastrianism
    The beginning of the Zoroastrian new year, 1385 AY or 3753 AZ in the Fasli seasonal calendar, which also celebrates the renewal of the world and the creation of fire (which symbolizes righteousness). Zarathustra, the founder of Zoroastrianism, received his revelation on this day.

  • Yugādi– Hinduism
    The New Year’s Day celebration for Hindus of the Deccan Plateau in central and southern India, which traditionally includes eating food that has six distinct tastes, to symbolize that life is a mixture of different experiences such as sadness, anger, fear, disgust, surprise, and happiness.


Wednesday, March 25

  • Feast of the Annunciation – Christianity
    This festival marks the visit of the Archangel Gabriel to Mary of Nazareth and Mary’s faithful response to God’s plan by consenting to be Jesus’ mother.


Thursday, March 26

  • Khordad Sal – Zoroastrianism
    The birth anniversary of the prophet Zarathustra.


Saturday, March 28

  • Ramanavami– Hinduism
    A celebration in honor of the birth of Rama, the seventh incarnation of the god Vishnu. Hindus read the Ramayana, a Hindu epic, and religious dances called Ramalila are performed to depict scenes from his life.


Sunday, March 29

  • Palm Sunday – Christianity (Western churches)
    The remembrance of Jesus’ entrance into Jerusalem, when crowds spread palm fronds on the ground as Jesus rode into the city. Palm Sunday marks the beginning of Holy Week.


Thursday, April 2

  • Maundy Thursday [Holy Thursday]– Christianity (Western churches)
    The remembrance of Jesus’ last supper with his disciples and his institution of the “love commandment” (the term “Maundy” comes from the Latin word for “commandment”) while he washed their feet as a servant.


Friday, April 3

  • Good Friday – Christianity (Western churches)
    A commemoration of the passion of Jesus of Nazareth, i.e., his death by crucifixion. At sundown some churches begin the Easter vigil either this evening or on Holy Saturday (April 4).

  • Eve of Pesach [Passover]– Judaism (ends on April 11)
    The beginning of an eight-day festival celebrating God’s deliverance of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. The story is told during a Seder meal at sundown, including readings from a book known as the Haggadah. Some Jews refrain from work on the first two and the last two days of this holiday.

  • Mahavira-jayanti – Jainism
    Celebrating the birthday of Lord Mahavir (Great Hero), the 24th Tirthankara (and last of this time cycle). Jains remember their most important prophet with prayer and fasting.


Saturday, April 4

  • Lazarus Saturday– Christianity (Eastern churches)
    A commemoration of Jesus’ miracle of raising his friend Lazarus from the dead, celebrated on the eve before Palm Sunday.

  • Theravadin New Year – Buddhism
    The New Year festival for Theravadin Buddhists, celebrated for three days beginning on the first full moon day in April.

  • Hanuman Jayanti – Hinduism
    A celebration of the birth of Hanuman, the faithful servant of the god Rama who can assume any form in order to conquer evil. Believers visit temples and apply sindoor (red powder) to their foreheads, since Hanuman is often portrayed as a red half-monkey, half-human.


Sunday, April 5

  • Easter Sunday – Christianity (Western churches)
    Celebrating God’s raising of Jesus of Nazareth from the dead, this day is the oldest and most central festival in the Christian year and initiates the fifty-day period culminating in Pentecost.

  • Palm Sunday – Christianity (Eastern churches)
    The remembrance of Jesus’ entrance into Jerusalem, when crowds spread palm fronds on the ground as Jesus rode into the city. Palm Sunday marks the beginning of Holy Week.

  • Qingming– Chinese traditional
    Often called Tomb Sweeping Day, it is a day to honor one’s ancestors and visit their grave sites, as well as to welcome the coming of the spring season.


Monday, April 6

  • Anniversary of the Church’s Founding – Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints


Tuesday, April 7

  • Birthday of Avalokiteśvara or Kuan Yin [Kannon] – Buddhism
    Usually celebrated on or near the full moon day in March, this day marks the occasion when the enlightened being known as Avalokiteśvara (in the Mahāyāna traditions of Tibet and China) or as Kuan Yin or Kannon (the feminine embodiment of this bodhisattva in Chinese, Japanese, and Vietnamese Buddhism) vowed to attain final, supreme enlightenment and thereby save all suffering sentient beings.


Thursday, April 9

  • Jalál– Bahá’í
    The beginning of the second month in the Bahá’í calendar, “Jalál” means “glory.”

  • Eve of Great and Holy Friday – Christianity (Eastern churches)
    At sundown Eastern churches commemorate Jesus’ death by crucifixion, followed by an observance of the Great Sabbath, in which believers remember Christ’s burial and await his resurrection on Holy Pascha, or Easter morning.

  • Shrimad Rajchandra Dehvilay – Jainism
    This festival marks the day of the emancipation (death) of Shrimad Rajchandra, a prominent Jain philosopher, in 1901 C.E. He was an influential spiritual guide for Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi.


Sunday, April 12

  • Holy Pascha – Christianity (Eastern churches)
    Celebrating God’s raising of Jesus of Nazareth from the dead, this day is the oldest and most central festival in the Christian year and initiates the fifty-day period culminating in Pentecost.


Monday, April 13

  • Vaisakhi – Hinduism
    The first day of the solar year and an important harvest festival in northern India.

  • Vaisakhi [or Baisakhi] – Sikhism
    On this date in 1699 C.E., Gurū Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru, created the Khalsa Panth, the Brotherhood of the Pure. Khalsa brothers are given the name Singh (lion), and sisters are named Kaur (princess).


Thursday, April 16

  • Yaqui Deer Dance – Native American spirituality
    A ceremony that integrates ancient rites of the Yaqui people of Arizona with the Christian Easter rituals.

  • Yom Ha-Shoah (Holocaust Day) – Judaism
    A day of remembrance for the six million Jews who died because of Nazi atrocities during World War II. The date chosen is the closest date on the Jewish calendar to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943.


Saturday, April 18

  • Birthdays of Gurū Angad Dev and of Gurū Tegh Bahadur – Sikhism
    Gurū Angad Dev (1504 – 1552 C.E.) was the second and Gurū Tegh Bahadur (1621 – 1675 C.E.) was the ninth of the Sikh Gurūs.


Monday, April 20

  • Eve of Ridván – Bahá’í (continues through Saturday, May 2)
    Commemorating the twelve days that Bahá’u’lláh spent in the garden of Ridván during his exile in Baghdad and when he proclaimed himself as the one announced by the Báb, which occurred in 1863 C.E. On the first (4/21), ninth (4/29), and twelfth days (5/2) of this festival, work is suspended. The festival begins at sundown.


Tuesday, April 21

  • Akshaya-tritiya [Immortal Third] – Jainism
    A day celebrating when Lord Adinatha or Rishabhadeva, the traditional founder of the Jain faith and the first tīrthankar (a being who helps others to cross the great ocean of worldly life and achieve liberation), broke his first year-long fast by drinking juice from a sugar cane.


Tuesday, April 28

  • Jamál – Bahá’í
    The beginning of the third month in the Bahá’í calendar, “Jamál” means “beauty.”


Thursday, April 30

  • Ghambar Maidyozarem begins – Zoroastrianism (continues through Monday, May 4)
    Celebrating the creation of sky and the harvesting of the winter crops.

If you want more information about any of these holy days, please contact UCSF Medical Center Spiritual Care Services at 415-353-1941415-353-1941 (Rev. Dr. Peter Yuichi Clark)

Our thanks to the Council of Religious Leaders of Metropolitan Chicago, the Multifaith Action Society of British Columbia (Canada), BBC’s Religion Website, Peel Schools District Board (Mississauga, Ontario, Canada), the Arizona State University Provost’s Office, the NCCJ of the Piedmont Triad, and www.interfaithcalendar.org

To subscribe to this calendar and sync it with your Google, Outlook, or iCal calendars, visit http://ucsfspiritcare.org and select the “Resources” menu